The term Turkaman rugs covers a whole range of carpets from different regions such as Uzbekistan, Turkemistan and Afghanistan. Carpets knotted by the Turkmen ethnic group include Bashir, Tekke and Yomut carpets. The names refer to various Turkmen tribes who developed and knotted their own designs.

A distinction must be made between traditional Turkmen rugs and industrially manufactured mass production based on Turkmen design from India and Pakistan. Like all nomadic carpets, the patterns are plain and simple. and of coarser design. The predominant colour is red. An area-wide design is common

Turkmen rug (Turkomen: Türkmen haly; or Turkmen carpet or Turkoman carpet) is a type of handmade floor-covering textile traditionally originating in Central Asia. It is useful to distinguish between the original Turkmen tribal rugs and the rugs produced in large numbers for export mainly in Pakistan and Iran today. The original Turkmen rugs were produced by the Turkmen tribes who are the main ethnic group in Turkmenistan and are also found in Afghanistan and Iran. They are used for various purposes, including tent rugs, door hangings and bags of various sizes